The project is governed by the Project Steering Committee, comprised of the ILO constituencies including the government, employers’ organizations, and workers’ organizations, plus civil society organizations.
The ILO Country Office for Thailand, Cambodia and Lao PDR implements the Ship to Shore Rights Project with funding from the European Union (EU). The ILO is the only tripartite UN agency. Since 1919, it brings together governments, employers and workers representatives to set labour standards, develop policies and devise programmes promoting decent work for all women and men. Visit www.ilo.org for more information. ILO’s work in Thailand has for many years been oriented more towards rights issues (in particular, child labour and trafficking, the rights of migrant workers, discrimination, and freedom of association and collective bargaining). Visit ILO Thailand.
The Ministry of Labour (MOL) of Thailand has authority primarily in labour administration and protection, skill development and the promotion of employment of people. Agencies under the MOL are as follows:
- Office of the Minister
- Office of the Permanent Secretary
- Department of Employment
- Department of Skill Development
- Department of Labour Protection and Welfare
- Office of Social Security
Key Project Activities in Collaboration with the MOL
- Ratification of the Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention (P.29) and development of relevant legal framework and policy.
- Ratification of the Work in Fishing Convention (C.188) and development of relevant legal framework and policy
- Series of trainings for government officials, particularly the labour inspectorate, to more effectively identify and take action against forced labour and other labour rights abuses in the fishing and seafood sectors.
- Good Labour Practice (GLP) Programme
The Delegation of the European Union in Bangkok is one of over 140 EU Delegations around the world. The Delegation’s mandate includes promoting the political and economic relations between Thailand and the EU, informing the public of the development of the EU and supporting the implementation of the EU’s assistance programmes. This project is funded by the European Union. Visit eeas.europa.eu to learn more.
The employers’ and industry associations committed to the Good Labour Practices Principles:
Employers’ Confederation of Thailand (ECOT) was established in 1976 of the Labour Relations Act B.E 2518 according to the 1975 Labour Relation Act, known as the principal employers’ organisation representing Thai employers nationwide and continue living the history of the oldest and longest employers’ organisation in Thai Kingdom.
In 1970, many Thai food processors were aware of profits of collaboration in order to enhance the quality of delicatessen food and to exchange information in terms of production and marketing. Thus, they agreed to establish Thai Food Processors Association (TFPA). The first ordinary meeting was held on 21st November 1970. After establishing the association, tuna processing company became one of the members in TFPA until the ministry of commerce introduced measure for the organization of export outside the kingdom (No. 30) on 30th January 1985. It has become effective since 11th February 1985 onwards. Therefore, canned tuna processing group was founded under TFPA’s name on 15th February 1985 in order to provide flexibility in the implementation of various activities which directly benefit the manufacturers of canned tuna.
Since then, export of canned tuna products has expanded rapidly. And issues of regulation in international trade have increased respectively. Therefore, to provide flexibility in operation most effectively, they should have cooperation of Thai tuna processors to push 4 policies: food safety, sustainable fishery, ethical labor practices, and trade negotiations and relevant knowledge building in order to attain wider acceptance in trading negotiation at domestic and international levels. Thus, it has been approved in the meeting from tuna processors that Thai Tuna Industry Association (TTIA) should be founded and registered with the Department of Business Development on 25th July 2013 with the registration number 0109556000835
Thai Frozen Foods Association (TFFA) is a private non-profit organization founded in 1968 under the Thai Trade Association Act. The original name was Thai Marine Products Association, then changed to Thai Fishery and Frozen Products Association in 1983 to cover the frozen products industry. Finally, the present name of Thai Frozen Foods Association was adopted in 1994. The name clearly reflects the overall scenario of frozen products as food item, as well as expands the association’s supervisory role beyond marine products to cover many other food categories. TFFA runs by Directors elected from its members to a 2 year-term. The main business of its members is processing and exporting frozen foods. TFFA derives its income from annual membership fee, as well as service provided such as sample analysis, arranging seminars, sales of forms and documents. It now has more than 200 member companies, with an office located at business area of Bangkok.
Thai Food Processors’ Association (TFPA)
The Thai Food Processors' Association (TFPA) was established in 1970 as a private non-profitable organization designed to strengthen the food processing industry in Thailand. The Association currently serves nearly to 200 members ranging from small to large companies. The TFPA run by Board of Directors elected for a two year-term from its members. The TFPA has been conceded from competent government agencies such as the Department of Foreign Trade, to regulates the exporters of canned tuna to be a member of the TFPA. The Association also plays the supporting and recommending in roles in setting up both domestic food regulations and international food standard
The association was established in 1964 and consisted of executive board around 15 persons. There are 51 fishery organizations in 7 national, regional and sub-regional associations located in 15 province associations under supervision of 22 sub-district and district associations. This covers 5 fisheries cooperatives and 2 small-scale fisheries group.
The Thai Overseas Fisheries Association was established on 11 February, 1986 that aims to provide support for fishery enterprise that operate in foreign sea. With support from members, this will resolve problems encoutered by members, this will strengthen collaboration and experience sharing including opinions. The association is collaborating with government in providing support and improvement of standards at the international level.
Trade Unions & Civil Society Organizations
The State Enterprises Workers Relations Confederation (SERC) represents workers in public sectors: bank, transportation, energy and chemical, agriculture, utility and service sectors. SERC promotes and protects workers fundamental rights through campaigns on union rights, education on basic labour rights, and promotion of decent work among affiliates and partner unions and network. SERC campaigns for the ratification of ILO C.87 on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Rights to Organise Convention, and C.98 on Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention. The International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) is an international trade union federation of transport workers’ unions. The ITF represents seafarers, dockers, and fisheries inland navigation, railways, aviation, road transport and tourism workers.
The Raks Thai Foundation (RTF) was established on August 15, 1997 as a Thai successor to CARE International (Thailand) in promoting strong communities and assisting the disadvantaged in society.
The Human Rights Foundation and Development Foundation (HRDF) was established as a Foundation following the orders of the Office of the National Culture Council in 2000 by human rights academics and a human rights lawyers. One of the key objectives of the Foundation is to promote and protect human rights, democracy and peace through the HRDF Legal Aid Center and legal consultancy.
The Foundation for Education and Development (FED) provides a safe and equitable environment for underprivileged workers, whilst promotion education and development opportunities for children and adults. They also developed pilot education advocacy project.
Oxfam in Thailand has been working with partners at the local and national level to build an enabling environment for sustainable agricultural production of food and income security (including land reform, forest and coastal resources management and climate change adaptation) since 2001. For the long-term, Oxfam Thailand strives toward a vision of women and men living in a society that is free from inequality and poverty. The Goal is an empowered, promoted and supported civic network of rural producers, the urban middle class, women leaders and community leaders and members operating under the principles of equal rights to actively and innovatively influence consumer behaviors, improve community economics, facilitate sustainable development and promote peace.
The Migrant Working Group (MWG) was established in response to the injustice of the 2006 migrant registration scheme which installed a “bail” system. Since 2006, monthly meetings have been held to exchange information, analyze problems, identify policy issues and facilitate joint advocacy activities with government agencies, academic institutions and civil society organizations (CSOs) in three core areas: health, education and labour rights, with a goal that migrants in Thailand can enjoy/claim their rights, access rights protection, and have a quality of life with the respect of their human dignity without discrimination.
Key Project Activities in Collaboration with Workers’ Organizations and CSO Partners
- SERC: workers organizing and education in Chonburi and Songkhla
- Stella Maris Seafarers’ Centers in Chonburi (Samaesarn and Sri Racha), Rayong and Pattani.
- Raks Thai: Capacity building activities for young leaders among migrant workers who create natural linkages and networks with the migrant communities in Samutsakorn, Pattani, Suratthani, Ranong, Trang and Chumphon.
- FED: Empowerment of Myanmar migrant workers and their children through a mobile application (national) and education access advocacy programme in Phang-nga.
- HRDF: Legal support for labour abuse cases including development of legal manual, training of legal case intake, case management, and referrals.
- MWG: Mapping of CSOs, documentation of case intake and recommendations, coordination among CSOs on migrant issues policy and advocacy.